What techniques are used to perform hair transplants?
There are currently two main hair transplant methods: FUSS (Follicular Unit Strip Surgery) and FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction).
The FUSS hair transplant method involves removing a strip of skin with hair follicles from the donor area, where the hair is naturally denser and less likely to fall out. After removing this strip of skin, it is sutured, creating a linear scar. Small groups of tissue containing follicular units are removed from this skin and prepared for transplantation. While this is being done, small individual incisions are made in the receiving, bald, area. Then, the follicular units separated from the removed strip of skin are individually placed in the receiving area.
The FUE hair transplant technique was developed to obtain the same results as the FUSS, but without having the disadvantages, namely, the resulting linear scar, which is often unsightly.
FUE also consists of taking follicular units from a donor area on the back or side of the head and transferring them to bald areas to regrow that area, achieving a natural result.
With FUE, this removal is performed in a careful and individualised way, extracting the follicular units one by one, with very small micro-incisions, without leaving a visible linear scar as in the previous technique.
Therefore, some of the advantages of FUE over FUSS are the avoidance of linear scarring, with no wound to be treated and bandaged, as well as reduced downtime after surgery and less discomfort for the patient in the days after the procedure.
If the FUE technique is performed by an experienced clinical team with advanced technology such as BothAir® UltraPlus Insparya, the risk of damaging the follicular units is at an absolute minimum.